Arguing means knowing how to reason and then share one’s thoughts. Do you know the matrioskas? The same principle applies with reasoning: do not stop, until you reach the heart of the matter.

Let’s start immediately with an example: according to you, is it the same to say: “Practicing sport is important” or “Practicing sport is important because it helps us lead a healthy lifestyle, strengthens the immune system, helps socialization”? I would say that these two sentences belong to two different universes: the second explains and argues, offers useful reflections to demonstrate the validity of the stated thesis.

The argumentative text is like the second sentence: a type of paper that is written with the aim of communicating some reflections and opinions on a topic on which we are asked to reason.

The structure of this text is as follows:

Thesis – I present a thesis in relation to a topic, that is I build an opinion that I will then go to defend presenting good reasons (I mean GOOD … certainly not enough to write: “Why I say it”).

Arguments in favor – I support the thesis with various arguments in favor, questioning and citing within the written also accredited sources that are in line with my thoughts or presenting relevant, clear and complete proofs.

Arguments against – I also introduce the antitheses, or opposing points of view or in any case in opposition to my thesis, making sure that these opinions initially incompatible with my thinking make it even stronger and rich in value.

A question of style – Your opinion must be valid and reasoned, among the most convincing. Imagine being a lawyer in his final plea: the most convincing speech is the one that offers concrete examples in which the interlocutor can recognize himself. It is the discourse that involves most thanks to linguistic competence and emphasis, that which takes into account all possible criticisms, anticipating them and exploiting them to give greater force to one’s argument. The presentation of motivations and tests that support the validity of your thesis is undoubtedly fundamental.

I recommend: simple and clear form, enriched with a variety of textual connectives. For example, in order not to repeat the connective “from my point of view” to each paragraph, you can use these alternatives: “as far as I am concerned”, “my opinion is”, “I think”, “in my opinion” … in short , we understood each other. As I always say to my students: “There is a vocabulary and it also weighs a lot: let’s use it and don’t let us just take the dust!”.

Empathy and elegance – In an argumentative text, keeping the language under control is fundamental. You must ask yourself who your interlocutor is and how to communicate your opinions adequately without provoking negative reactions, annoyance, boredom. You must be able to involve the reader, without risking offending or upsetting those who do not think like you.

The conclusions – In the final part of the text you can further strengthen your position or imagine solutions or proposals for the future. A quotation consistent with the theme addressed could be useful and effective, provided you know the work from which you draw inspiration.

One last tip for doing a good job: remember that building a mind map before writing your text will help you to make things clear by navigating your sails in depth.

You are thinking: “in theory it is all clear but in practice how is it done ?!”. Don’t worry, a post is coming with an example all for you!